Diabetes is a disease in which the body stops or slows production of insulin. In Type I diabetes, insulin production has totally stopped and the person must rely on insulin injections. Otherwise, his blood sugars would be too high and his energy sapped.
People with Type II diabetes still produce some insulin. The amount of insulin produced, however, is either not enough to handle the sugar intake, or it is not getting into the body’s cells correctly. Before getting Type II diabetes, people often have a condition called pre-diabetes. A doctor or a nutritionist can help a person learn how to eat to postpone the onset of diabetes.
To control the blood sugars, amounts of insulin, food intake, and exercise must be balanced. If an imbalance leaves the blood sugars too low, a diabetic coma can occur. If the sugars are too high, eventually other problems develop, such as heart attacks, kidney failure, loss of eyesight, or troubles with the feet, such as diabetic neuropathy, where the feet lose their ability to feel.